Russia is Located in the continent of Europe, it covers over 17.1 million square kilometers of land, making it the largest nation in the world and has a land mass of 20.1 million square kilometers.
Russia was founded as a distinct and original nation in 1991. The population of Russia is 144,3 million in (2016) and the nation has a density of 27 people per square kilometer.
The currency of Russia is the Russian ruble (RUB). As well, the people of Russia are referred to as Russians.
The capital Russia is Moscow
Facts About Russia
The majority of Russians live in and around the capital city of Moscow, the city is powered by geothermal energy.
Unlike Iceland, Russia has a competitive free education scheme, to be educated for free in Russia students are expected to score extremely high grades.
In 2015, Russia invited over 15,000 foreigners to be educated for free.
Russia has one the lowest unemployment rates in the world around 5.2%, her citizens are one of the healthiest and most educated people in the world with a life expectancy of 65 years for men and 77 years for women.
It is very common for Russian families to have kasha (a type of porridge made from different grains), butterbrots (a kind of sandwich made of a single slice of bread and one topping such as butter or ham), boiled or fried eggs, tvorog (similar to cottage cheese) or cereal for breakfast
The most popular leisure activities in Russia are Ice climbing, softball, rugby, running, hiking, hockey, cross-country skiing and ice-skating and many more.
Tax rates in Russia are quite low, starting from at about 13% compared to NZ which starts at 10.5% and only goes as high as 30%, this is believed to be due to the high standard of living provided by the government.
Amongst the Russian population are about 80.9% Russians, 3.9% Tatar, 1.4% Ukrainian, 1.2% Bashkir, 1.1% Chuvash, 1.0% Chechen, 0.9% Armenian.
Russia stretches across 11 timezones and shares a border with 14 countries, namely: Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, China, Ukraine, Georgia, Kazakhstan and North Korea.
Russia stretches across two continents, Europe and Asia little wonder it’s also called Eurasia.
The Ural Mountains form a conventional bridge border between the two continents, which stretches down from the north and south of Russia.
About a quarter of the Country lies in Europe and the rest Asia.
Russia is a big country, so big it’s twice as big as USA and slightly larger than Pluto.
Russia is home to lake Baikal, Lake Baikal is the largest fresh water lake in the world, holding about 20% of the worlds unfrozen water, with a depth of 1,642m it is easily the deepest lake in the world.
The highest mountain in Russia is Mt Elbrus, Mt Elbrus is also the highest mountain in Europe averaging about 3,642 meters.
Russia is also home to the longest river in Europe, which is the Volga River spanning a length of about 3,690km.
Russia also has the largest forest in the world.
Russia is home to Klyuchevskaya Sopka, which at 4,750metres is the highest active volcano in Eurasia. It is also believed to be the birth place of the earth.
Siberia makes up 77% of Russia, a vast geographical area in it’s broadest definition is known as north Asia.
Russia is the 9th most populous country in the world.
Studies reveal that Russia’s population could drop by about 50% in 2050 due to alcoholism and increasing suicide rates.
Russia retains September 12 as conception day, couples are encouraged to conceive a child on this date. If the birth of the child falls exactly nine months from this date, the parents are gifted with SUV’s and apartments.
The official name of Russia is the Russian Federation
The Russian Federation was created in June 1991, with the election of Boris Yeltsin, making him the first president of Russia.
The country is divided into 46 Oblasts(provinces), 22 republics, 9 Krais , 4 autonomous Okrugs, 3 federal cities and 1 autonomous Oblast known as the federal subjects.
Russia is made up of 85 subjects, but two of them are internationally recognized as Ukraine.
Russia was one of the dominant nations in the Soviet Union, which lasted 69 years.
The current president of Russia Vladimir Putin, has been both prime minister and president twice.
Putin was also a former KGB agent, he joined in 1975 and left in 1991, the KGB is Russia’s secret security agency and at some point, the largest agency of it’s kind in the world.
In 2007, Putin was named person of the year by Times Magazine.
Putin also has his own personal Judo DVD.
In 2003, a couple of Russian lawyers sewed Warner brothers, claiming the Dobby popular Harry Potter character was modeled after Putin.
There are roughly 120 ethnic groups in Russia who speak more than 100 languages and ethnic Russians constitute 88% of the Russian economy.
Russia is a technological powerhouse and the birth place of the first space expedition.
Russia launched the first satellite named sputnik, which led to the Sputnik war between USA and Russia.
The official residence of the Russian president is the Kremlin which is located in the capital city of Moscow. The name Kremlin translates to fortress.
Moscow is also home to the Ostankino tower which is the tallest free-standing building in Europe.
Moscow is also home to the highest numbers of billionaires in the world combined, with a grand total of 74 billionaires living there.
Before Moscow became the capital city of Russia, the capital city was St. Petersburg from 1712-1917.
An interesting feature of Russia is Kaliningrad Oblast , which is an enclave located between Lithuania and Poland on the Baltic Sea, separated from the rest of Russia by about 360km. The Oblast is home to over 1 million people and it’s about half the size of Belgium.
The flag of Russian, is an attractive tri color combination of white, blue and red. It was originally used on Russian merchant ships.
The Hermitage in St. Petersburg is the largest museum in Russia.
In Russia if you must offer any kind of flowers as a gift, the total pieces must be odd numbers as even numbered flowers are often used at funerals. This is why it is perceived as rude to offer even numbered flowers outside funerals.
Vodka is no stranger to us all, but little do you know that it translates to water in Russian.
During times of hardship, teachers in Russia can be paid in Vodka.
Moscow’s subway system is the busiest in all of Europe.
Russia is home to the coldest inhabited place in the world, recording -69degrees Celsius.
The popular Tetris game was invented in Russia by Alexey Pajitnov In 1984.
Russia is also home to the longest railway line in the world, Trans-Siberian Railroad, Russian Transsibirskaya Zheleznodorozhnaya Magistral, (“Trans-Siberian Main Railroad”), the longest single rail system in Russia, stretching from Moscow 5,778 miles (9,198 km) east to Vladivostok or (beyond Vladivostok) 5,867 miles (9,441 km) to the port station of Nakhodka.
In 1820 a Russian expedition discovered Antarctica, which was led by a Russian of German descent by the name Fabian Gottlieb.
Russia is also home to the deepest hole on earth named Kola Superdeep Borehole, the hole is about 12km deep and was created to test how far into the earth’s crust man can dig.
It is illegal in Russia to tell kids that gay people exist, the law was authored by Yelana Mizulina, who believed gay tendencies should be considered extreme.
Russia is less than 4km from America.
The oldest drink in Russia is known as Mead, it’s a honey drink given to newlyweds to encourage reproduction, they’ll typically drink this for about a month. Some people are of the opinion that that’s where the term “Honeymoon” originated from.
Russia is home to one of the most radio active places on earth, know as Lake Karachay, it’s so radioactive that standing close to it for just an hour could kill you.
Russia also has a cat theatre known as Kuklachyov Cat Theater, amazing right! They have an entire theatre dedicated to cats. The Kuklachyov Cat Theater was founded by Dmitry and his father Yury in 1990.
Russia has over five hundred feral dogs fully capable of riding the nations subway system.
Most cars in Russia have a dashcam system, and this is how they get all the footage, this is to reduce false insurance claims.
Russia’s Peter the great once imposed a tax on beards, he thought beards to be old fashioned and wanted to get rid of them, people who still wanted to keep beards had to carry a beard token.
Russia is also home to the woman who holds the world record for highest number of children per birth with a record of 27 births, she’s no other than the wife of Feodor vassilyev. Amongst her record births are 16 pairs of twins, 7 sets of triplets, and four sets of quadruplets between 1725- 1765.
Russia has 9 million more women than men this is believed to be partly caused by world war 2, and an increase in alcoholics.
Russia manages to have about 27 people per square mile if they are widely spread apart.
Russia has so much forest, it is nicknamed lungs of Europe. The Russian forest are second only to the Amazon forest in terms of carbon dioxide consumption.
Russia is home to Kamachatka, which is a collection of a hundred and sixty volcanoes with 29 of them being extremely active. The volcanoes alive are considered the largest in the northern hemisphere.
Russian scientists have also broken grounds by regenerating a 32,000 years old seed named Stenophylla.
The Russian economy exports reach a staggering 449 billion USD, and 295 billion in imports.
The biggest export in cruse, which accounts for 5% and refined petroleum which accounts for 20%. These figures make Russia the second largest exporter of crude in the world.
Russia has cars as the biggest import making 5%.
Russia has over 1 million military personnel in active service and over 2million in reserved served service, which costs about 69 billion dollars per year.
At some point Russia had over 45,000 war heads with over 715 detonations, however most of them have now been decommissioned but sources say they still have about 7000 left.
Places to Visit in Russia
Elton Lake– the salt-drainage lake in the north of the Caspian lowlands, in the Volgograd region. Its area is 152 square kilometers, the depth is about 0.1 meters. It is 18 meters below sea level. Supplied mainly by snow. There are outputs of salt sources at the bottom. The lake is filled with brine, which becomes fresh in the spring. There are deposits of mineral salts and hydrogen sulfide mud at the bottom of Elton. There is mud and spa resort near the lake.
Ordinaskaya Cave- is the longest underwater gypsum cave in Russia and one of the longest in the world, it attracts divers from all over the world.
The current studied length of the cave passages is about 4,600miles and the dry parts of the cave take about 300miles.
Valleys Of Geysers – The Valley of Geysers is a geyser field on Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia, and has the second largest concentration of geysers in the world.