India is Located in the continent of Asia, it covers over 2,973,193 km2 (1,147,956 mi2) of land and 314,070 km2 (121,263 mi2) square kilometers of water, making it the 7th largest nation in the world.
India was founded as a distinct and original nation in 15 August 1947. The population of India is 1.324 billion (2016) and the nation has a density of 382 people per square kilometer.
The currency of India is the Rupees (INR). As well, the people of India are referred to as Indians.
The capital of Iceland is New Delhi.
Facts About India
The population of India is expected to surpass the population of China in 2028.
There are 11 languages spoken across the length and breadth of India, the top 11 languages of India according to Total speakers (including L2 and L3 speakers) according to 2001 census are, Hindi — (551.4) Million, English — (125.3) Million, Bengali — (91.1) Million, Telugu — (84.9) Million, Marathi — 84.1 Million, Tamil — 66.7 Million, Urdu — 59.1 Million, Kannada — 50.7 Million, Gujarati — 50.2 Million, Odia — 36.6 Million, Malayalam — 33.7 Million.
India also has 22 languages known as the Scheduled Languages of India, listed here according to number of native (L1) speakers in India (only), Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Odia, Punjabi, Assamese, Maithili, Santali, Kashmiri, Nepali, Sindhi, Konkani, Dogri, Manipuri, Bodo, Sanskrit.
There are languages with considerable speakers but not included as scheduled, they are, Bhili, Khandeshi, Kurukh, Tulu, Khasi, Mundari, Ho, Kosli.
India has a booming film industry, which is currently the biggest in the world. The industry produces 1,100 films each year.
India is also home to Bollywood, a Hindi movie industry based in Mumbai. In 2011 according to the Indian Quarterly Journal of International Affairs, 3.5 million tickets were bought all over the world for Bollywood movies making it more than 900,000 more than Hollywood movies.
India is the world’s biggest producer and consumer of mango.
According to the British medical Journal, 200,000 people die everyday from accidents on the roads of India.
In 2015, India broke the record for the largest number of people dressed as Mahatma Gandhi.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
India is home to Ram Singh Chauhan, the world record holder for longest mustache.
An Indian lady who goes by the name Kalamandalam Hemalatha, holds the world record for the longest dance marathon by an individual. She danced for 123 hours and 15 minutes.
India’s Hong Kong-based yoga teacher Yogaraj C P, who is originally from India, earned the title after performing an impressive 23 different poses during an attempt on the set of Guinness World Records – Ab India Todega in Mumbai, India in 2011.
India is the first country to send a spacecraft to Mars on first attempt. The Mars orbit mission was launched in November 2013 and has been orbiting since September 2014.
Water on the moon was first discovered by India’s MIP’s CHACE (Chandra’s Altitudinal Composition) carried by Chandrayaan. Chandrayaan was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization in October 2008 and operated until August 2009.
An Indian mathematician-astronomer by the name Aryabhata devised a number system that included absolute 0’s.
In 1963, the Indian space organization launched India’s first space rocket from the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station. The rocket was so light it was transported by bicycle.
The 26th of May is science day in Switzerland. This is in honor of India’s ex-president APJ Abdul Kalam, who studied physics and Astronomy.
APJ Abdul Kalam joined India’s Aeronautical Development Establishment, beginning his career by designing a helicopter for the Indian army. In 1969 he moved to the IRSO as project director of the country’s Satellite Launch Vehicle.
Human’s Tomb located in New Delhi, is the first garden-tomb in the world. It was first constructed in memory of the Mughal Emperor Humayun.
India has one of the oldest civilizations in the world.
The Indus Valley which takes up 5% of India now Pakistan, dates back to about 2,400BC 4500 years ago.
India is the worlds largest population of non-meat eaters.
Some of the most popular dishes in India are Vegetarian, Tunday Kebab, Hilsa Fish Curry (Ilish Maccher Jhol), Vada Pav, Hyderabadi Biryani, Dosa, Indian Chaat.
A place named Chail is home to the highest cricket ground in the world. The ground is located at a hilltop which measures in at 2,500m above sea level.
The world’s oldest recognized university was in Takshashila (often called Taxila). According to references in the Ramayana, King Bharata founded the town in the name of his son, Taksha.
India is home to Taj Mahal. Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world, and building cost was estimated at 32 million.
The Taj Mahal in also to an aging 32 year to build.
Taj Mahal was commissioned by Mogul emperor Shah Jahan’s to house the Mausoleum of his favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal (Persian for “the chosen one of the Palace”). who died in 1631.
Taj Mahal is visited by over 8 million people each year.
India has the highest number of outsourced workers compared to any other part of the world.
8% of US and Europe’s outsourcing comes from India and is industry worth 150 billion dollars.
Dr Rajendra Prasad was the first president of India.
India is the second largest English speaking country in the world.
The hottest Chili comes from India and its known as Bhut jolokia. It is cultivated in the Northeast Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland and Manipur.
The Bandra-Worli Sea Link wires are equal to the earth’s circumference. The Bandra-Worli Sea Linkis over 413ft in height and took omver 10 years to build. The bridge links Bandra in the Western Suburbs of Mumbai with worli in South Mumbai.
Shampoo was invented in India, the word dates back to 1762 and comes from the Hindi word “Champo” which was derived from the word “Chapayati”.
Cricket is the most popular sports in India, it was introduced while the British ruled India.
India Invented the sports known as “Kabaddi”. The game of Kabaddi is said to have originated from the Southern State of Tamil Nadu, in India. The word Kabaddi comes from the Tamil word ’Kai-pidi’, which translates to “holding hands”.
The Indian Kabaddi team both men and women have won every single Kabaddi tournament ever taken place. The competition has been held in 2004, 2007 and 2016.
In some parts of India, police officers with a mustache receive a pay raise every month. This is most common in Madhya Pradish where their superiors believe it lets them command respect.
The reason why the Indian police wear the Khaki is because it can get very dirty in India. The Khaki is a perfect camouflage to dust and dirt.
The Indian police spends more on housing than training. India spenr RS1,888.9 Crore on police housing in 2011-2012. A year later this figure jumped to RS 24,566.3 CRORES, even though India had just added about 70,000 constables.
As part of the Cooperate Social Responsibility of the Delhi police they mentor poor kids through football.
The National anthem of India “Jana Gana Mana” was written by Rabindranath Tagore, he also composed the Bangladeshi national anthem” Amar Shonar Bangla” which translates to “My Golden Bengal”.
Rabindranath Tagore also won the Nobel Prize for his literature.
The Indian Flag was adopted in 1947, after they became independent from Great Britain.
The Indian flag must be made from special cloth or silk called Kati.
The symbol in the middle of the Indian flag is the Ashoka Chakra or Dharma Chakra, with the resemblance of a wheel, but means “the importance of justice in life”.
India’s Hindu calender has six seasons, Vasant Ritu: Spring, Grishma Ritu: Summer, Varsha, Ritu: Monsoon, Sharad Ritu: Autumn, Hemant Ritu: Prewinter, Shishir or Shita Ritu: Winter.
The Monsoon is marked by heavy rain from July to September.
THE Hemant Ritu is prewinter. This is the time of the year when important festivals like Diwalili. Diwali is the five-day festival of lights, celebrated by millions of Hindus, Sikhs and Jains across the world.
The Hindu gathering known as Kumbh Bala happens every 12 years, and is the largest gathering in the world, so large it can be seen from space.
India has over 300,000 mosques scattered all around the country making it the country with the mots number of mosques in the world.
In india there are about 154,000 post offices with an average serving capacity of 7,000 per person.
The first full length motion shot in india is Rajaharathandra. Rajaharathandra was shot in 1913.
The Bollywood film “Koho Naa Pyaar Hai”, won 92 awards, the most ever by a film in Bollywood. I was even added to the Guiness book of record in 2002.
Bollywood’s superhero action movie “Rah Wan ”, cost 1.2 billion rupees , that’s over 19 million dollars. The film was aired in 3,500 Cinemas across India and grossed 2.1 billion Rupees.
Fatma Begum was India’s first female director and screenwriter. She launched her own production house and directed Bulbul-e in 1926. Fatma Begum was born in 1892 and died in 1983.
Bollywood’s actor Salman Khan earns $37 million. Salman Khan has appeared in more than 85 movies since his 1989 breakout role Maine Pyar Kiya.
Indian’s spend more than 2.6 billion dollars in box office tickets to see Bollywood movies each year.