Iceland is Located in the continent of Europe, it covers over 100,250 square kilometers of land and 2,750 square kilometers of water, making it the 108th largest nation in the world and has a land mass of 103,000 square kilometers.
Iceland was founded as a distinct and original nation in 1944. The population of Iceland is 313,183 (2012) and the nation has a density of 3 people per square kilometer.
The currency of Iceland is the Iceland Krona (ISK). As well, the people of Iceland are refered to as Icelandic.
The capital of Iceland is Reykjavik
Iceland is so small it can fit into the state of Kentucky, located east south-central region of the United States.
Facts Living in Iceland
The majority of Icelanders live in and around the capital city of Reykjavik, the city is powered by geothermal energy and records one of the lowest crime rates in the world.
Icelanders are entitled to free education, subsidized healthcare and 9 months of paid parental leave for both mothers and fathers.
Iceland has one the lowest unemployment rates in the world around 5%, her citizens are one of the healthiest and most educated people in the world with a life expectancy of 83 years.
Icelanders eat organic protein mostly in form of yogurt and local fish, Vegetables can’t grow naturally in Iceland because of the extremely cold weather, to overcome this, they use hot volcanic water to heat a greenhouses, tomato for instance is grown this way, they also have beer made entirely from tomato.
The most popular leisure activities in Iceland are Ice climbing, Glacier Adventures, Spas and Swimming, Caving, Horseback Riding, Kayaking and River-Rafting, Scuba Diving and Snorkeling, Bird Watching, Photography and many more.
Iceland translates more international literature than any other nation in the world, studies show that one in ten Icelanders will publish at least one book in their lifetime.
Tax rates in Iceland are quite high, starting from a whooping 37.3% compared to NZ which starts at 10.5% and only goes as high as 33%, this is believed to be due to the high standard of living provided by the government.
Amongst the Icelandic population are about 20,000 of polish descent, another 10,000 from Asia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, and a few others from middles east such as Iran, Lebanon, and some from mid Europe such as the Bosnia region.
Facts Places to Visit in Iceland
A handful of Icelanders still believe that elves and trolls do exist, in clear sight outside the city of VIK are three rocks known as Reynisdrangar.
Legends have it that the rocks are remains of three giants who got frozen by being exposed to the morning sunlight, while trying to drag a ship offshore.
It is also a place to walk around the black sand bitch.
The Ice caves are located in Iceland’s Vatnajökull glacier in Europe, the amazing shade of blue is highly entertaining and you are only allowed to visit during the coldest time of the year, this is to guarantee ice doesn’t fall on tourists.
Many ice tunnels are formed from geothermal springs which is the heat of the earth, but this is an exception as this is formed from heat of summer.
One of the spectacular water falls in Iceland, in winter the water freezes at a drop of about 36 ft below.
Skogafoss is one of the country’s biggest waterfalls, with a drop of over 200ft. It is situated on the Skoga river on the cliffs near the southern coastline.
What makes Skogafoss amazing is that it produces a double rainbow on sunny days.
According to legends Vikings placed some treasure behind the waterfall into the caves, which was eventually found by locals, but when they tried to grab the chest it vanished into thin air.
This looks like a place from a movie right! Don’t be fooled, this is has bece a highly sought-after destination for movie producer.
One of the movies shot here is Game of Thrones, it is also often referred to as the magical mountain.
The name translates to “Church mountain” due to its shape.
It is also located close to the arctic circle.
What’s amazing about this place is the fact that the norther lights overtake the sky in a remarkable display of colors.
It is also the highest mountain in the northern coastline near the town of Grundarfjordur .
In this amazing place, heat from the earths crust blasts through the surface like a h20 volcano, tourists can expect to see this once every 5-10 minutes.
The stream of water can reach anywhere from 70-120ft in the air.
There are very fey Geysers in the world and the only other places you can find them are USA, RUSSIA, CHILE and NZ.
For you to experience the amazing blast from the Geysers, the conditions have to be perfect.
This amazing place is a hotspot for locals and tourists.
The water heats up just enough to allow for people to take warm swims.
In 1975 after a volcano erupted the water temperature rose to dangerous levels, which became to hot for swimmers, so tourists have to check with local safety authorities to know if it’s safe to swim.
Unlike other places the Blue Lagoon wasn’t formed naturally, it was created during the construction of a geothermal plant.
People began to notice the therapeutic qualities of water in the mud so they decided not to build a geothermal plant anymore.
What’s amazing about this place is that it’s located on the mid-Atlantic bridge, which allows you swim from one fall to another technically on different continents.
Land of fire and ice, this is the most active and dangerous volcano in Iceland.
Hikers still visit even with the unstable nature of the volcano which can go off at any time.
The volcano erupted in the year 2000, and geologists have since monitored closely.
Despite the destructive nature of the volcano it’s one of Iceland’s most iconic places to visit, so much so that an airline is named after the popular volcano “Hekla Aurora”.
Iceland is undoubtedly one of the most amazing places to visit in the world and the people are lucky to have all of the rear magnificence of nature right at their beck and call.