Germany is Located in the continent of Europe, it covers over 348,672 km2 (134,623 mi2) of land and 7,798 km2 (3,011 sq mi) square kilometers of water, making it the 63rd largest nation in the world.
Germany was founded as a distinct and original nation in 2 February 962 AD. The population of Germany is 82.67 million (2016) and the nation has a density of 116 people per square kilometer.
The currency of Germany is the Euros (DEM). As well, the people of Germany are referred to as Germans.
The capital of Germany is Berlin.
Facts About Germany
Germany is home to the Schwarzer Wald (black forest), which is a large forest in South Western Germany. The name was first used by Roman soldiers who called it Silva Nigra, which also translates to black forest.
Germany is bordered by 9 countries, Russia: Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the east, Switzerland (its only non-EU neighbor) and Austria in the south, France in the southwest and Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands in the west.
Germany is the most populated state in the European Union.
Germany’s largest city is Berlin. Berlin has also been the capital of Germany since 1990.
Germany is known by many names depending from where you are coming from, for instance the French and Spanish borrow inspiration from Deutschland (German), Germany (English), Tyskland (Swedish), Allemagne (French), Niemcy (Poland), Saksa (Finnish).
The German confederation was formed at the end of the Roman empire. The confederation was formed in 1815, creating the political association of 39 states. This was done by the congress of Vienna to co-ordinate and ensure peace amongst German speaking areas.
Germany officially became a country in 1871, with what is now called the unification of Germany thus creating the German empire.
Germany is the birth place of soft-drink Fanta. During the second world war, Germany was prevented from importing the ingredients required to make Coca-Cola, Fanta became the only as they could produce it with locally available ingredients.
Following the second World War, in the period of occupation of the allies, Germany was split into two nations, Democratic West Germany and Socialist Germany.
The division of Germany ended in 1989 with the fall of the Berlin wall. The country was re-unified on the 3rd of October 1990 creating the Germany of today.
Germany is often referred to the land of Poets and thinkers or in German “das land der dichter und denker”, owing to the fact that a large number of Artists, musicians, Writers and Academics.
Famously talented Germans include:
Konrad Adenauer (1876-1967) Was the first chancellor following second World War (1949-63). Konrad played a major role in re-unifying Germany in Europe and International affairs. He forged closer ties with France, US and the European Community.
Angela Merkel (1954 – ) Leader of Christian Democrat Union (CDU). Merkel has been chancellor of Germany since 2005. Merkel has also gained a position as de facto leader of the European Union and has made many decisions affecting European integration and the European financial crisis.
Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) was responsible for the creation the German empire in 1871, and it’s first chancellor too. Bismark is credited with uniting the states of Germany and pursuing a relative moderate foreign policy of keeping the peace.
Johannes Gutenberg (1400-1468) Inventor of movable type printing in Europe. Gutenberg started a ‘printing revolution; which enabled the spread of printed works across Europe. Also produced the ‘Gutenberg Bible’.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) Poet, playwright, author and statesman. Goethe was a prolific writer, notable works including: Faust, Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship and Elective Affinities. Also, a noted polymath, Goethe left a rich cultural legacy.
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) Was a German musician and composer, most commonly referred to as the greatest composer of all time. Bach composed some of the most amazing choral and orchestral works.
The Game of Stern- Halma was invented in Germany in 1892. Chinese checkers or Chinese chequers (Stern- Halma ) is a strategy board game which can be played by two, three, four, or six people, playing individually or with partners. The game is a modern and simplified variant of the American game Halma.
The sportswear company adidas was founded in Germany by Adolf Dassler. Dassler was a German cobbler and entrepreneur, he was born in 3 November 1900, Herzogenaurach, Germany and died 6 September 1978, Herzogenaurach, Germany.
In 2009 the oldest musical instrument was found in a cave in Southern germany. The instrument which is a flute carved from bone and ivory dates back to about 35,000 years ago.
Germany is also famous for Grimms’ Fairy Tales. German Brüder Grimm, German folklorists and linguists best known for their Kinder- und Hausmärchen (1812–22; also called Grimm’s Fairy Tales), which led to the birth of the modern study of folklore. Jacob and Wilhelm, first published on 20 December 1812.
The sleeping beauty Castle is inspired by famous German castle called neuschwanstein castle. The castle is a 19th-century Romanesque Revival palace on a rugged hill located in the village of Hohenschwangau near Füssen in southwest Bavaria.
Bavaria in Germany, was the first area to be accurately measured in all of Europe.
The German state of Bremen exists in form of two separate city enclaves These enclaves contain Bremen, officially the ‘City’ (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) which is the state capital and located in both enclaves, and the city of Bremerhaven (Stadt Bremerhaven).
Bremen and Bremerhaven both were US enclaves from 8 May 1945 because the US troops wanted to have their own oversea harbor. British troops had to hand over Bremen and Bremerhaven to the American troops.
The Bremerhaven and Bremen Enclaves are well-known chapters in the history of the postwar occupation and are detailed in any number of scholarly histories of that period. The archived records of the enclaves fill many boxes and are spread across several record groups at NARA in College Park. I have worked with the records in those RGs and I recall seeing the inventory listings for the enclave files, which run to 40 or 50 linear feet of boxed records.
German is the most widely spoken language in the European Union.
Germany is the official language in a number of nations, such as: Austria, Switzerland, Belgium, Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Italy (the province South Tyrol/Alto Adige), Slovakia (some villages), Brazil (some villages). In Latin America, you find pockets of German speaking communities mostly in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay.
The capital of Germany has relocated more than 7 times, they are:
Aachen the westernmost city of the Federal Republic of Germany, Aachen, is also known as Aix-la-Chapelle in English.
Magdeburg The Holy Roman Empire had no fixed capital, as each king travelled between residences. Nonetheless, each of the rulers had their preferred place of court, and in the case of Otto I, it was Magdeburg.
Mainz During the Holy Roman Empire, the archbishop of Mainz was one of the seven “Prince-electors” – the council who collectively elected new rulers of the vast empire, which at its height spread from the Baltic Sea to southern Italy.
Cologne Today Cologne has no political relevance in Germany at all, as arch rival and neighbor Düsseldorf is capital of Germany’s most populous state, North Rhine-Westphalia.
Trier was the third city which had an archbishop as Prince-elector. And, as arch-Chancellor of the Kingdom of Burgundy, he was the third member of the council to have administrative power over a kingdom.
Speyer Cologne, Trier, and Mainz were capitals of important states and ruled kingdoms in the empire, but some cities such as Speyer temporarily had more prestige within the empire. Once elected, the sovereign could choose the seat of the empire, which could be wherever he preferred to live.
Nuremberg Cities were usually capitals of a certain territory. However, some cities were independent states. The case of Nuremberg is truly exceptional: it was both an independent city-state and the “unofficial capital” of the Holy Roman Empire.
Modern day Berlin is only 27 years old. The city is believed to be founded all the way back in 1237 but the city was born with the falling of the Berlin wall in 1989.
Berlin is also home to the Zoologischer Garten, which is the largest zoo on the face of the earth.
Germany also has around 400 zoos.
Aspirin was created in Germany in 1899.
The House of One is a religious structure being built in Berlin. It will be the world’s first house of prayer for three religions, containing a church, a mosque, and a synagogue.
Germany is home to Europe’s longest ring road known by the name Berliner Innenstadtring. The road spans a length of 196km.
In Germany, University education is entirely free, yes! In 2014 the German government abolished tuition fees for universities, reason is because they considered it socially unjust.
Germany is home to over 1000 different kinds of sausages. Some of them are: Bratwurst, Nürnberger Rostbratwurst, Blood Sausage – Blutwurst, Frankfurter – Bockwurst, Bregenwurst, Knackwurst, Landjäger, Leberwurst, Leberkäse, Teewurst, Gelbwurst, Weisswurst.
The Bavarian state-owned brewery Weihenstephan, located outside Munich has been in operation since the year 1040, making it the world’s oldest brewry.
Hamburger was invented in Hamburg.
Germany and natives of Hamburg are called ’Hamburger’’, While ‘’Hamburger’’ is used and quite correct, a term used by most true natives is ‘’Hanseat’’ and ‘’Hanseaten’’ in plural; I note however that this term also includes a certain group of old families in Lübeck and Bremen as well. It’s a ‘’class’’ in the still existing system whose roots go back to 1189.
Germany has won the football World Cup four times, only in 2014 did Germany win as a united country, other wins were by South Germany.
The German parliament building has an interesting feature in form of a glass dome. The idea is to allow members look down parliamentary proceedings, this symbolizes the German people are above the government and the government should always remain transparent.
Angela Marcus has been the Chancellor of Germany since 2005.
The national animal of Germany is the Golden Eagle.
In Germany prostitution is legal. The government even funds visits for disabled workers.
Germany imports average 989 billion dollars and export average 1.24 trillion dollars. 12% of German exports is made up of cars.
The very first magazine was published in Germany, it was released in 1663 to 1668 and was a philosophy of thought by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe a poet from Hamburg.
Germany has about 110 universities and technical universities, as well as 220 universities for applied science.
The oldest university in Germany is the Heidelberg University (1386), established in 1386, it is ranked as one of the highest universities for education within the country.
The Heidelberg has had 56 Nobel laureates.
The Heidelberg has over 30,000 students a year and has been in operation since the day of the Roman empire.
Germany is one of the top five countries in the world to have Nobel laureates. In 2017 Germany recorded 105 people who have received Nobel Laureate.
The first German to receive Nobel Laureate was Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen. He won the Nobel prize for physics in 1901 for his discovery of the X-ray.
October 1st in Germany is the Volksfest. A festival where you get to drink and eat and dance and have lots of fun. The festival is held in Munich, it is held for 16-18 days.
German’s celebrate the Volksfest from september to October.
In 2015 the Volksfest had over 7.7 million people in attendance and this has been celebrated in Munich since 1810. The festival all began when citizens were allowed to join the royal wedding of prince Ludwig and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen on October 1810.
Germany has a lot of UNESCO zones coming in at 42 sites below is a complete list of sites :
- Aachen Cathedral (1978)
- Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch (1991)
- Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar, Dessau and Bernau (1996,2017)
- Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe (2013)
- Berlin Modernism Housing Estates (2008)
- Carolingian Westwork and Civitas Corvey (2014)
- Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at Brühl (1984)
- Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura (2017)
- Classical Weimar (1998)
- Collegiate Church, Castle and Old Town of Quedlinburg (1994)
- Cologne Cathedral (1996)
- Fagus Factory in Alfeld (2011)
- Frontiers of the Roman Empire (1987,2005,2008)
- Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz (2000)
- Hanseatic City of Lübeck (1987)
- Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar (2002)
- Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg (1996)
- Margravial Opera House Bayreuth (2012)
- Maulbronn Monastery Complex (1993)
- Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System (1992,2010)
- Monastic Island of Reichenau (2000)
- Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin (1999)
- Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski (2004)
- Old town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof (2006)
- Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin (1990,1992, 1999)
- Pilgrimage Church of Wies (1983)
- Prehistoric Pile Dwellings around the Alps (2011)
- Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier (1986)
- Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with Chilehaus (2015)
- Speyer Cathedral (1981)
- St Mary’s Cathedral and St Michael’s Church at Hildesheim (1985)
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement (2016)
- Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen (2004)
- Town of Bamberg (1993)
- Upper Middle Rhine Valley (2002)
- Völklingen Ironworks (1994)
- Wartburg Castle (1999)
- Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square (1981)
- Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen (2001)
Germany is the first country in the world to implement daylight savings time. The idea was proposed by George Vernon Hudson (20 April 1867 – 5 April 1946). George Vernon Hudson was a British-born New Zealand.
Germany is the first recorded country to have taken up the practice starting in May 1916, as an effort to try and save fuel during World War I.